Mallucci used computer measuring tools to examine the dimensions and proportions of each pair of breasts, identifying four features common to all of them: the upper and lower pole (medical terms that describe the areas above and below the nipple), plus the angle at which the nipple points, and the slope of the upper pole.
‘His findings indicated that in all cases the nipple ‘‘meridian’’ – the horizontal line drawn at the level of the nipple – lay at a point where, on average, the proportion of the breast above it represented 45 per cent of overall volume of the breast and below it 55 per cent. In the majority of cases the upper pole was either straight or concave
Now for the perkiness factor: The angle at which the nipple was pointing skywards was most esthetic at an average angle of 20 degrees. In all cases the breasts demonstrated a tight convex lower pole – a neat but voluminous curve.